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Applications of FRP in building industry

Er. Parbhakar Dwivedi


The PRP is an ideal material tor the building industry as seen from its various applications which may be listed as follows:

(1) Concrete shuttering: The moulds and forms of FRP give the cast concrete shapes of very high quality. The complicated concrete shapes can be moulded in the FRP eliminating in most cases, the need for final finishing.

(2) Domes: The domes in enchanting shapes and unique designs with wide dimensions can be created for eye catching aesthetics. The translucent FRP dome-lights can be used on industrial, commercial and public utility buildings and as the structure is self-supporting, it requires less support.

(3) Doors and window frames: The lightweight flush doors and factory made standard window frames of FRP can be suggested for housing schemes due to their long life, easy maintenance and overall reduction in cost. The use of FRP doors for bathrooms and toilets eliminates the problems of rotting and warpage as well as swelling.

(4) Internal partitions and wall panelling: It is possible to adopt flat, corrugated or fancy FRP sheets for internal partitions of industrial and commercial buildings. The various designs of FRP for wall panelling and ceilings can be made in shape, form and colour for a long lasting trouble free effect.

(5) Roof sheets: The translucent FRP sheets provide a versatile medium of lighting. The sheets are available in a variety of forms with the corrugated type being very common. The corrugated sheets are made in a range of profiles which match corrugated steel and asbestos sheets. Thus they permit an interchange of material to give the desired degree of lighting. If the covered area of FRP translucent roofing system is about 15%, it eliminates the need for electric lighting inside the industrial shed during day time.

(6) Structural sections: The available cross-section profiles in steel, aluminium or PVC can also be made in FRP with advantage of equal strength at low weights The FRP sections have much better properties in flexure and tension. They are corrosion-resistant and grant a choice of colours. They can be machined, bolted, riveted and tapped just like steel sections.

(7) Temporary shelters: The FRP modular systems are ideally suited for temporary shelters at project sites, watchman cabins green houses, defence shelters, vehicle parking sheds. They can be constructed with or without thermal insulation. They may be easily dismantled, carried and re-erected at the next site with minimum labour cost.

(8) Water storage tanks: The FRP water storage tanks are found to be superior to steel concrete or galvanized iron tanks for the following reasons:

(i) The versality of the system allows the tanks to be installed either indoors outdoors or even buried.

(ii) They are easy to install, maintain and clean.

(iii) They are very light in weight and possess high strength to weight ratio.

(iv) They can be fabricated in a variety of shapes to overcome space constraints.

(v) They do not corrode even after prolonged exposure to an adverse environment.

(vi) They do not produce any kind of harmful effect on potable water or impart any taste colour or odour to the water.

(vii) They do not support bacterial growth of algae and fungi.

(viii) They offer resistance to deposition and sealing.

(9) Miscellaneous: The properties of FRP are multiple and the applications are limitless. For instance, the FRP chairs and benches can be used for auditoriums, hotels, restaurants, gardens, parks, lounges, theatres, waiting rooms, etc


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