The turpentine is a transparent volatile liquid and it is thin like water. It is obtained by taping juice or gum from certain varieties of pine trees. The juice is collected in spring time and it is heated in furnaces. The vapours formed during heating are collected and distilled to obtain turpentine. It is also called the oil of turpentine or spirits of turpentine or turps.
It possesses the following properties.
(i) It is Colourless.
(ii) It is highly fluid and inflammable.
(iii) It oxidizes on exposure to the air and is converted into a resinous substance.
(iv) Its good variety has a pleasant pungent odour or sharp smell.
The turpentine is mainly used as solvent for paints and varnishes. It also acts as a solvent for rubber. It is used for making printing ink, synthetic camphor, etc.
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